70% of the earth is covered in water, but only 1% is fresh and accessible to mankind. Yes, the world’s population, 7.53 billion (2017) have to share a scarce resource that literally sustains life. While some people find themselves in areas where water flows in abundance, others are forced to trek for several miles or rely on rainwater — which is only convenient when there’s no drought — to get potable water and water for washing, cleaning, cooking, and sustaining livestock and plant life.
As the number of people experiencing drought and shortage of water increases exponentially, it has become a necessity to find and implement effective ways to conserve water. From doing laundry to watering your garden, there are very simple ways to save water all year round. Let’s explore the top 5 ways.
#5 – Fix Your Leaks
There’s a very simple rule to remember, whenever you see an open tap, close it. This guide also applies to fixing leakages around your home. Known or unknown leaks in faucets, pipes, and bathrooms can result in up to 40,000 liters of water being wasted each year. To prevent this, constantly check your bath fittings for leaks and get the leaks repaired as soon as possible.
#4 – Watering Your Garden
Watering your garden early in the morning or late in the evening allows the grass and plants to soak up water without it being evaporated by the sun. This allows you to save 100 liters of water per cycle. To conserve even more water, you can swap plants that require lots of water for low-water-use plants. You can also use an adjustable sprinkler to prevent wasteful runoff or install a drip irrigation system.
#3 – Turn Off Your Taps When Not In Use
Water comes out of the average faucet at 2.5 gallons per minute. So, don’t leave the tap open while brushing or shaving. Turn off the faucet after you wet your brush, and turn it on when it’s time to rinse. Repeat the same actions while scrubbing your hands, washing your body in the shower, or washing your face. Once again, the general rule applies, whenever you see an open tap, close it.
#4 – Learn To Repurpose Water
The easiest way is to put a pot or container under your colander to save the potable water you use to rinse fruits and vegetables and deposit it in the garden. You can also use your pasta water for your potted plants once it’s cooled. Save water by throwing unused ice in a bucket for later use. Look into “grey water” and how you can efficiently use it around your home to prevent waste.
#1 – Flush With Less
Convert your old flush toilet to a dual-flush toilet. A dual-flush toilet allows you to use less water to flush liquid waste and more water to flush solid waste simply by pressing the correct button. Alternatively, you can use the old’ brick in the toilet method to displace water inside the tank so that it then fills up with less water.